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Making ERP Research More Transparent: Guidelines for Preregistration

A combination of confirmation bias, hindsight bias, and pressure to publish may prompt the (unconscious) exploration of various methodological options and reporting only the ones that lead to a (statistically) significant outcome. This *undisclosed …

The Role of Cognitive Reappraisal and Expectations in Dealing with Social Feedback.

Whereas emotion regulation (ER) in response to distressing events is widely studied, the mechanisms underlying adaptive ER while anticipating these events are still unknown. In this study, we investigated how ER strategies and expectation influence …

Rapid Processing of Neutral and Angry Expressions within Ongoing Facial Stimulus Streams: Is It All about Isolated Facial Features?

Our visual system extracts the emotional meaning of human facial expressions rapidly and automatically. Novel paradigms using fast periodic stimulations have provided insights into the electrophysiological processes underlying emotional content …

Rapid Extraction of Emotion Regularities from Complex Scenes in the Human Brain

Adaptive behavior requires the rapid extraction of behaviorally relevant information in the environment, with particular emphasis on emotional cues. However, the speed of emotional feature extraction from complex visual environments is largely …

Attentional Gain Is Modulated by Probabilistic Feature Expectations in a Spatial Cueing Task: ERP Evidence

Several theoretical and empirical studies suggest that attention and perceptual expectations influence perception in an interactive manner, whereby attentional gain is enhanced for predicted stimuli. The current study assessed whether attention and …

Electrophysiological Correlates of the Interplay between Low-Level Visual Features and Emotional Content during Word Reading

Processing affectively charged visual stimuli typically results in increased amplitude of specific event-related potential (ERP) components. Low-level features similarly modulate electrophysiological responses, with amplitude changes proportional to …

Shedding Light on Emotional Perception: Interaction of Brightness and Semantic Content in Extrastriate Visual Cortex

The rapid extraction of affective cues from the visual environment is crucial for flexible behavior. Previous studies have reported emotion-dependent amplitude modulations of two event-related potential (ERP) components - the N1 and EPN - reflecting …

Involuntary Attentional Orienting in the Absence of Awareness Speeds up Early Sensory Processing

A long-standing controversy in the field of human neuroscience has revolved around the question whether attended stimuli are processed more rapidly compared to unattended stimuli. We conducted two event-related potential (ERP) experiments employing a …

Semi-Parametric Proportional Hazards Models with Crossed Random Effects for Psychometric Response Times

The semi-parametric proportional hazards model with crossed random effects has two important characteristics: it avoids explicit specification of the response time distribution by using semi-parametric models, and it captures heterogeneity that is …

Multiple Synergistic Effects of Emotion and Memory on Proactive Processes Leading to Scene Recognition

Visual scene recognition is a proactive process through which contextual cues and top-down expectations facilitate the extraction of invariant features. Whether the emotional content of the scenes exerts a reliable influence on these processes or …